When your dog resembles a skeleton, it might be time for an intervention.
Although obesity is far too common in dogs today; there are also dogs with the opposite problem. In fact, some dogs are downright skinny and I know; I have one of those dogs. But I know why my dog is thin; he’s active, runs and plays hard, and is always ready to go. Here are some things I’ve learned as I live with this dog and try to keep weight on him.
Talk to Your Veterinarian
Your dog’s veterinarian is your partner in your dog’s health care so talk to your vet before you make any changes regarding your dog’s weight. Ask your vet to perform a complete physical as there are a number of diseases or health issues that can affect weight loss (or gain) as well as appetite. You’ll want to eliminate these prior to beginning a weight gain program. In addition, ask your veterinarian for a goal weight for your dog.
Create a Journal
While helping my dog, Bones, an English Shepherd, gain and then maintain his weight, one of the best pieces of advice I was given was to create a journal for him. I keep track of his daily meals and treats, his exercise, and his weight. With everything recorded in the journal, then if his weight changes at the next weigh-in, I can look back and see what happened during the week. A journal helps a lot.
Weigh Your Dog
Most weight loss or gain programs for people recommend weekly weigh-ins and the same applies to your dog. A once a week weigh-in is great as it allows you to chart any gains, losses or weight maintenance over time. Weighing more often won’t help and will likely drive you crazy. If you weigh in too often you’ll start focusing on every calorie or every play session and that’s not good for you or your dog. Weekly weigh-ins are fine.
Choose a Quality Dog Food
Helping a healthy but thin dog gain weight requires creating an eating program that focuses on increasing your dog’s nutrition rather than simply adding calories. Too many calories too quickly could cause digestive upsets that might include vomiting and/or diarrhea. Adding too much fat could cause digestive issues, too, including inflammation of the pancreas. The best food for your dog is one made with meats, eggs, vegetables, and fruits while avoiding cereal grains, by products and meat meals.
Feed Small Meals Often
Set up a schedule of meals so that your dog is eating smaller meals three or four times throughout the day rather than one or two large meals. Your dog will be better able to digest his food and metabolize the nutrition from the food with smaller meals. As you transition from larger meals to smaller ones, fix one large normal meal then divide it into smaller meals to serve. This will help you see how much you’re feeding until you get used to the new routine. As you increase the amount of food you feed, you can do so gradually with just a tiny amount in each of those smaller meals. A small meal every four hours is great but try not to go more than six hours between meals during the day.
Exercise is Beneficial
It may seem counter productive to recommend exercise for a dog who needs to gain weight. After all, exercise burns calories, right? Exercise is beneficial as it will help your thin dog build muscle which adds bulk to his body. Plus, activity will also increase your dog’s appetite. However, just as you increase what your dog eats gradually, increase his exercise gradually as well. Sore muscles are no fun for anyone. If your dog hasn’t been exercising regularly, ask your veterinarian how much your dog can do, then gradually increase it.
Weight Gain Snacks
With my dog’s veterinarian’s approval, I make him a snack that is both good nutrition and high calorie. I cook one pound of ground meat (beef, bison, chicken or turkey) and scramble a dozen eggs. I mix these together and add one cup of ground flaxseed, one cup of cooked oatmeal, one eight ounce package of cream cheese, softened, one cup of peanut butter, and one tablespoon molasses. When well mixed, I form the mixture into one tablespoon sized balls (teaspoon sized balls for small dogs), place them on a cookie sheet and freeze. When the balls are frozen, I store them in airtight containers in the freezer. I’ll thaw several at a time in the refrigerator. Keep in mind these are snacks and not a food and they’re high in fat so offer no more than three a day.
Make all changes to your dog’s feeding and exercise regime gradually. Not only will this help you change your schedule and habits, but your dog’s as well. If at any time your dog loses his appetite, vomits, has soft stools or diarrhea, or doesn’t want to run and play; call your veterinarian. Bring your dog’s journal to the exam so your veterinarian can see exactly what you’ve been doing with your dog.
Written by: Liz Palika
Originally posted on “The Honest Kitchen Blog”.